vvus_Current Folio_10Q

Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 


 

FORM 10-Q

 


 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For The Quarterly Period Ended September 30, 2016

 

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from              to            

 

Commission File Number 001-33389

 

VIVUS, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

 

Delaware

 

94-3136179

(State or other jurisdiction of

 

(IRS employer

incorporation or organization)

 

identification number)

 

 

 

 

 

351 East Evelyn Avenue

 

 

Mountain View, California

 

94041

(Address of principal executive office)

 

(Zip Code)

 

(650) 934-5200

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

N/A

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes ☒  No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes ☒  No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

 

 

 

Large accelerated filer ☐

 

Accelerated filer 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer ☐

 

Smaller reporting company ☐

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

 

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).  ☐ Yes  ☒ No

 

       At October 31, 2016, 104,843,301 shares of common stock, par value $.001 per share, were outstanding.

 

 

 

 


 

Table of Contents

VIVUS, INC.

 

Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q 

 

INDEX

 

 

 

 

 

PART I —  FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

Item 1: 

Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016 and 2015

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016 and 2015

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016 and 2015

 

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

Item 2: 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

19 

Item 3: 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

29 

Item 4: 

Controls and Procedures

30 

 

 

 

 

PART II  — OTHER INFORMATION

31 

 

 

 

Item 1: 

Legal Proceedings

31 

Item  

Risk Factors

33 

Item 2: 

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

67 

Item 3: 

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

67 

Item 4: 

Mine Safety Disclosures

67 

Item 5: 

Other Information

67 

Item 6: 

Exhibits

68 

 

Signatures

69 

 

 

2


 

Table of Contents

PART I: FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

VIVUS, INC.

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands, except par value)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

September 30, 

 

December 31, 

 

 

 

2016

 

2015

 

ASSETS

    

 

Unaudited

    

 

Note 1

  

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

154,137

 

$

95,395

 

Available-for-sale securities

 

 

129,449

 

 

146,168

 

Accounts receivable, net

 

 

10,295

 

 

8,997

 

Inventories

 

 

11,259

 

 

13,602

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

5,552

 

 

9,430

 

Total current assets

 

 

310,692

 

 

273,592

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

715

 

 

994

 

Non-current assets

 

 

1,744

 

 

2,616

 

Total assets

 

$

313,151

 

$

277,202

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

6,440

 

$

7,060

 

Accrued and other liabilities

 

 

9,944

 

 

15,891

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

89,128

 

 

22,142

 

Current portion of long-term debt

 

 

9,015

 

 

14,356

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

114,527

 

 

59,449

 

Long-term debt, net of current portion

 

 

229,876

 

 

217,034

 

Deferred revenue, net of current portion

 

 

6,845

 

 

6,508

 

Non-current accrued and other liabilities

 

 

16

 

 

1,296

 

Total liabilities

 

 

351,264

 

 

284,287

 

Commitments and contingencies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ deficit:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock; $1.00 par value; 5,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

Common stock; $.001 par value; 200,000 shares authorized; 104,819 and 104,055 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively

 

 

105

 

 

104

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

831,192

 

 

829,428

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

207

 

 

(261)

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(869,617)

 

 

(836,356)

 

Total stockholders’ deficit

 

 

(38,113)

 

 

(7,085)

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ deficit

 

$

313,151

 

$

277,202

 

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

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VIVUS, INC.

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(In thousands, except per share data)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Nine Months Ended

 

 

 

September 30, 

 

September 30, 

 

 

     

2016

    

2015

    

2016

    

2015

 

Revenue:

 

 

    

    

 

    

 

 

    

    

 

    

    

Net product revenue

 

$

12,294

 

$

14,011

 

$

37,455

 

$

40,652

 

License and milestone revenue

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

11,574

 

Supply revenue

 

 

 —

 

 

10,056

 

 

1,526

 

 

26,651

 

Royalty revenue

 

 

1,059

 

 

869

 

 

3,472

 

 

1,210

 

Total revenue

 

 

13,353

 

 

24,936

 

 

42,453

 

 

80,087

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of goods sold

 

 

2,065

 

 

11,765

 

 

8,416

 

 

31,531

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

 

10,440

 

 

17,129

 

 

39,254

 

 

65,730

 

Research and development

 

 

1,696

 

 

1,532

 

 

3,821

 

 

6,825

 

Inventory impairment and other non-recurring charges

 

 

 —

 

 

2,539

 

 

 —

 

 

32,061

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

14,201

 

 

32,965

 

 

51,491

 

 

136,147

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss from operations

 

 

(848)

 

 

(8,029)

 

 

(9,038)

 

 

(56,060)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense and other expense, net

 

 

8,313

 

 

8,076

 

 

24,209

 

 

24,851

 

Loss before income taxes

 

 

(9,161)

 

 

(16,105)

 

 

(33,247)

 

 

(80,911)

 

(Benefit) Provision for income taxes

 

 

(9)

 

 

1

 

 

14

 

 

13

 

Net loss

 

$

(9,152)

 

$

(16,106)

 

$

(33,261)

 

$

(80,924)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and diluted net loss per share

 

$

(0.09)

 

$

(0.15)

 

$

(0.32)

 

$

(0.78)

 

Shares used in per share computation:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and diluted

 

 

104,484

 

 

104,014

 

 

104,228

 

 

103,950

 

 

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

 

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Nine Months Ended

 

 

 

September 30, 

 

September 30, 

 

 

 

2016

 

2015

 

2016

 

2015

 

Net loss

    

$

(9,152)

    

$

(16,106)

    

$

(33,261)

    

$

(80,924)

 

Unrealized (loss) gain on securities, net of taxes

 

 

(158)

 

 

51

 

 

469

 

 

124

 

Comprehensive loss

 

$

(9,310)

 

$

(16,055)

 

$

(32,792)

 

$

(80,800)

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

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VIVUS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nine Months Ended

 

 

 

September 30, 

 

 

 

2016

 

2015

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

    

 

    

    

 

    

 

Net loss

 

$

(33,261)

 

$

(80,924)

 

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used for operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

823

 

 

1,079

 

Amortization of debt issuance costs and discounts

 

 

13,860

 

 

12,761

 

Amortization of discount or premium on available-for-sale securities

 

 

700

 

 

1,940

 

Share-based compensation expense

 

 

1,740

 

 

3,032

 

Inventory impairment charge

 

 

 —

 

 

29,522

 

Changes in assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

(1,298)

 

 

(3,299)

 

Inventories

 

 

2,343

 

 

(4,113)

 

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

 

4,206

 

 

3,611

 

Accounts payable

 

 

(620)

 

 

(2,908)

 

Accrued and other liabilities

 

 

(7,227)

 

 

(2,563)

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

67,323

 

 

781

 

Net cash provided by (used for) operating activities

 

 

48,589

 

 

(41,081)

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property and equipment purchases

 

 

 —

 

 

(310)

 

Purchases of available-for-sale securities

 

 

(50,523)

 

 

(176,510)

 

Proceeds from maturity of available-for-sale securities

 

 

60,050

 

 

219,500

 

Proceeds from sales of available-for-sale securities

 

 

6,960

 

 

 —

 

Net cash provided by investing activities

 

 

16,487

 

 

42,680

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Repayments of notes payable

 

 

(6,359)

 

 

(5,402)

 

Sale of common stock through employee stock purchase plan

 

 

25

 

 

125

 

Net cash used for financing activities

 

 

(6,334)

 

 

(5,277)

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

58,742

 

 

(3,678)

 

Cash and cash equivalents:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beginning of year

 

 

95,395

 

 

83,174

 

End of period

 

$

154,137

 

$

79,496

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

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VIVUS, INC.

 

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

SEPTEMBER 30, 2016

 

1. BASIS OF PRESENTATION

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, or U.S. GAAP, for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2016. Management has evaluated all events and transactions that occurred after September 30, 2016, through the date these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements were filed. There were no events or transactions during this period that require recognition or disclosure in these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements. The year-end condensed consolidated balance sheet data was derived from audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by U.S. GAAP.

 

The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015 as filed on March 9, 2016 with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, and as amended by the Form 10-K/A filed on April 22, 2016 with the SEC. The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of VIVUS, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.

 

When reference is made to the “Company” or “VIVUS” in these footnotes, it refers to the Delaware corporation, or VIVUS, Inc., and its California predecessor, as well as all of its consolidated subsidiaries.

 

Implementation of ASU 2015-03

 

In April 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2015-03, Interest - Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30): Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs. The standard requires that debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability, consistent with debt discounts. The Company adopted this standard as required beginning in the first quarter of 2016 and retrospectively applied this standard to the balance sheet as of December 31, 2015. The amounts impacted by the adoption of this standard are as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

As Reported December 31, 2015

Adjustment to reflect ASU 2015-03

As Adjusted December 31, 2015

Prepaid expenses and other assets

$
10,624 
$
(1,194)
$
9,430 

Total current assets

$
274,786 
$
(1,194)
$
273,592 

Non-current assets

$
4,801 
$
(2,185)
$
2,616 

Total assets

$
280,581 
$
(3,379)
$
277,202 

 

 

 

 

Long-term debt, current portion

$
15,550 
$
(1,194)
$
14,356 

Total current liabilities

$
60,643 
$
(1,194)
$
59,449 

Long-term debt, net of current portion

$
219,219 
$
(2,185)
$
217,034 

Total liabilities

$
287,666 
$
(3,379)
$
284,287 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

$
280,581 
$
(3,379)
$
277,202 

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Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements requires management to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses and related disclosures. On an ongoing basis, the Company evaluates its estimates, including critical accounting policies or estimates related to available-for-sale securities, debt instruments, research and development expenses, income taxes, inventories, revenues, contingencies and litigation and share-based compensation. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience, information received from third parties and on various market specific and other relevant assumptions that it believes to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results could differ significantly from those estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

 

Significant Accounting Policies

 

Other than the implementation of ASU 2015-03 discussed above, there have been no changes to the Company’s significant accounting policies since the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which modifies the accounting by lessees for all leases with a term greater than 12 months. The standard will require lessees to recognize on the balance sheet the assets and liabilities for the rights and obligations created by those leases. For public companies, the standard is effective for annual and interim periods beginning on or after December 15, 2018 and must be applied retrospectively. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this standard on its consolidated financial statements.

 

In March 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2016-09, Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting, which is designed to simplify several aspects of accounting for share-based payment award transactions, including income tax consequences, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities, classification on the statement of cash flows and forfeiture rate calculations. For public companies, the standard is effective for annual and interim periods beginning on or after December 15, 2016. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this guidance on its consolidated financial statements.

 

2. SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION

 

Total share-based compensation expense for all of the Company’s share-based awards was as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Nine Months Ended

 

 

 

September 30, 

 

September 30, 

 

 

   

2016

   

2015

   

2016

   

2015

 

Cost of goods sold

 

$

40

 

$

34

 

$

115

 

$

86

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

 

413

 

 

207

 

 

1,299

 

 

2,550

 

Research and development

 

 

188

 

 

(49)

 

 

326

 

 

332

 

Non-recurring charges

 

 

 —

 

 

64

 

 

 —

 

 

64

 

Total share-based compensation expense

 

$

641

 

$

256

 

$

1,740

 

$

3,032

 

 

Share-based compensation costs capitalized as part of the cost of inventory were $19,000 and $26,000 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, respectively, and $11,000 and $35,000 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, respectively.

 

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3. CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, AND AVAILABLE-FOR-SALE SECURITIES

 

The fair value and the amortized cost of cash, cash equivalents, and available-for-sale securities by major security type at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, are presented in the tables that follow (in thousands).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

As of September 30, 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross

 

Gross

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amortized

 

Unrealized

 

Unrealized

 

Estimated

 

Cash and cash equivalents and available-for-sale securities

     

Cost

     

Gains

     

Losses

     

Fair Value

 

Cash and money market funds

 

$

154,137

 

$

 —

 

$

 —

 

$

154,137

 

U.S. Treasury securities

 

 

28,223

 

 

13

 

 

(1)

 

 

28,235

 

Corporate debt securities

 

 

101,018

 

 

236

 

 

(40)

 

 

101,214

 

Total

 

 

283,378

 

 

249

 

 

(41)

 

 

283,586

 

Less amounts classified as cash and cash equivalents

 

 

(154,137)

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

(154,137)

 

Total available-for-sale securities

 

$

129,241

 

$

249

 

$

(41)

 

$

129,449

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

As of December 31, 2015

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross

 

Gross

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amortized

 

Unrealized

 

Unrealized

 

Estimated

 

Cash and cash equivalents and available-for-sale securities

     

Cost

     

Gains

     

Losses

     

Fair Value

 

Cash and money market funds

 

$

95,395

 

$

 —

 

$

 —

 

$

95,395

 

U.S. Treasury securities

 

 

84,734

 

 

 —

 

 

(107)

 

 

84,627

 

Corporate debt securities

 

 

61,696

 

 

20

 

 

(175)

 

 

61,541

 

Total

 

 

241,825

 

 

20

 

 

(282)

 

 

241,563

 

Less amounts classified as cash and cash equivalents

 

 

(95,395)

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

(95,395)

 

Total available-for-sale securities

 

$

146,430

 

$

20

 

$

(282)

 

$

146,168

 

 

As of September 30, 2016, the Company’s available-for-sale securities had original contractual maturities up to 57 months. However, in response to changes in the availability of and the yield on alternative investments as well as liquidity requirements, the Company may sell these securities prior to their stated maturities. As these securities are readily marketable and are viewed by the Company as available to support current operations, securities with maturities beyond 12 months are classified as current assets. Due to their short-term maturities, the Company believes that the fair value of its bank deposits, accounts payable and accrued expenses approximate their carrying value.

 

Fair Value Measurements

 

Fair value is defined as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. Valuation techniques used to measure fair value must maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. Three levels of inputs, of which the first two are considered observable and the last unobservable, may be used to measure fair value. The three levels are:

 

·

Level 1 — Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

 

·

Level 2 — Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.

 

·

Level 3 — Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

 

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The following table represents the fair value hierarchy for our cash equivalents and available-for-sale securities by major security type as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

As of September 30, 2016

 

     

Level 1

     

Level 2

     

Level 3

     

Total

Cash and money market funds

 

$

154,137

 

$

 —

 

$

 —

 

$

154,137

U.S. Treasury securities

 

 

28,235

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

28,235

Corporate debt securities

 

 

 —

 

 

101,214

 

 

 —

 

 

101,214

Total

 

$

182,372

 

$

101,214

 

$

 —

 

$

283,586

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

As of December 31, 2015

 

     

Level 1

     

Level 2

     

Level 3

     

Total

Cash and money market funds

 

$

95,395

 

$

 —

 

$

 —

 

$

95,395

U.S. Treasury securities

 

 

84,627

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

84,627

Corporate debt securities

 

 

 —

 

 

61,541

 

 

 —

 

 

61,541

Total

 

$

180,022

 

$

61,541

 

$

 —

 

$

241,563

 

 

 

 

 

4. ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE

 

Accounts receivable consist of the following (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance as of

 

 

 

September 30, 

 

December 31, 

 

 

 

2016

 

2015

 

Qsymia

    

$

9,216

    

$

8,508

 

STENDRA/SPEDRA

 

 

1,245

 

 

652

 

 

 

 

10,461

 

 

9,160

 

Qsymia allowance for cash discounts

 

 

(166)

 

 

(163)

 

Net

 

$

10,295

 

$

8,997

 

 

 

 

 

5. INVENTORIES

 

Inventories consist of the following (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance as of

 

 

 

September 30, 

 

December 31, 

 

 

 

2016

 

2015

 

Raw materials

    

$

7,587

    

$

8,645

 

Work-in-process

 

 

1,112

 

 

247

 

Finished goods

 

 

2,013

 

 

4,282

 

Deferred costs

 

 

547

 

 

428

 

Inventories

 

$

11,259

 

$

13,602

 

 

Raw materials inventories consist primarily of the active pharmaceutical ingredients, or API, for Qsymia and STENDRA/SPEDRA. Deferred costs inventories consist primarily of Qsymia and represent Qsymia product shipped to the Company’s wholesalers and certified retail pharmacies, but not yet dispensed to patients through prescriptions, net of prompt payment discounts, and for which recognition of revenue has been deferred.

 

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market. Cost is determined using the first in, first out method for all inventories, which are valued using a weighted-average cost method calculated for each production batch. The Company periodically evaluates the carrying value of inventory on hand for potential excess amounts over demand using the same lower of cost or market approach as that used to value the inventory. In the second quarter of 2015, the Company recorded inventory impairment charges of $29.5 million primarily for Qsymia API inventory in excess of expected demand.

 

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6. PREPAID EXPENSES AND OTHER CURRENT ASSETS

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets consist of the following (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance as of

 

 

 

September 30, 

 

December 31, 

 

 

 

2016

 

2015

 

Prepaid sales and marketing expenses

 

$

2,576

 

$

3,434

 

Prepaid insurance

 

 

179

 

 

1,124

 

Other prepaid expenses and assets

 

 

2,797

 

 

4,872

 

Total

 

$

5,552

 

$

9,430

 

 

 

The amounts included in prepaid expenses and other current assets consist primarily of prepayments for future services, a receivable from a supplier and interest income receivable. These costs have been deferred as prepaid expenses and other current assets on the consolidated balance sheets and will be either (i) charged to expense accordingly when the related prepaid services are rendered to the Company, or (ii) converted to cash when the receivable is collected by the Company.

 

7. NON-CURRENT ASSETS

 

Non-current assets consist primarily of patent acquisition and assignment costs.

 

8. ACCRUED AND OTHER LIABILITIES

 

Accrued and other liabilities consist of the following (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance as of

 

 

 

September 30, 

 

December 31, 

 

 

 

2016

 

2015

 

Accrued employee compensation and benefits

    

$

2,576

    

$

3,621

 

Accrued non-recurring charges (see Note 10)

 

 

12

 

 

503

 

Accrued interest on debt (see Note 13)

 

 

1,917

 

 

1,293

 

Accrued manufacturing costs

 

 

686

 

 

5,408

 

Other accrued liabilities

 

 

4,753

 

 

5,066

 

Total

 

$

9,944

 

$

15,891

 

 

 

The amounts included in other accrued liabilities consist of obligations primarily related to sales, marketing, research, clinical development, corporate activities and royalties.

 

9. NON-CURRENT ACCRUED AND OTHER LIABILITIES

 

Non-current accrued and other liabilities at December 31, 2015 primarily consisted of costs associated with the exit of certain operating leases and security deposits relating to the sublease agreements.

 

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10. INVENTORY IMPAIRMENT AND OTHER NON-RECURRING CHARGES

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2015, the Company recognized impairment charges of $29.5 million, primarily for Qsymia API inventory in excess of demand and, to a lesser extent, certain STENDRA raw materials. Additionally, non-recurring charges for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 included employee severance and related costs of $2.5 million and share-based compensation of $36,000 related to the July 2015 corporate restructuring plan, which reduced the Company’s workforce by approximately 60 job positions. There were no non-recurring charges in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016. Accruals for severance at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 relate to the Company’s 2015 corporate restructuring plan and its 2013 cost reduction plan.

 

The following table sets forth activities for the Company’s cost reduction plan obligations (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

 

    

Facilities-

    

 

 

 

 

Severance

 

related

 

 

 

 

 

obligations

 

obligations

 

Total

 

Balance of accrued costs at December 31, 2015

 

$

410

 

$

471

 

$

881

 

Charges

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

Payments

 

 

(116)

 

 

(26)

 

 

(142)

 

Balance of accrued costs at March 31, 2016

 

 

294

 

 

445

 

 

739

 

Charges

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

Payments

 

 

(7)

 

 

(26)

 

 

(33)

 

Balance of accrued costs at June 30, 2016

 

 

287

 

 

419

 

 

706

 

Charges

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

Reclassifications

 

 

(268)

 

 

(402)

 

 

(670)

 

Payments

 

 

(7)

 

 

(17)

 

 

(24)

 

Balance of accrued costs at September 30, 2016

 

$

12

 

$

 —

 

$

12

 

 

Total accrued employee severance in the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet at September 30, 2016  is included under current liabilities in “Accrued and other liabilities.”

 

The balance of the accrued employee severance and facilities-related costs at September 30, 2016 is anticipated to be paid out as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

2016 (remaining three months)

 

$

7

 

2017

 

 

5

 

 

 

$

12

 

 

 

 

11. DEFERRED REVENUE

 

Deferred revenue consists of the following (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance as of

 

 

September 30, 

 

December 31, 

 

 

2016

 

2015

Qsymia deferred revenue - current

    

$

17,566

    

$

19,275

STENDRA deferred revenue - current

 

 

71,562

 

 

2,867

Deferred revenue - current

 

$

89,128

 

$

22,142

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

STENDRA deferred revenue - non-current

 

$

6,845

 

$

6,508

 

 

Qsymia deferred revenue consists of product shipped to the Company’s wholesalers, certified retail pharmacies and certified home delivery pharmacy services networks, but not yet dispensed to patients through

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prescriptions, net of prompt payment discounts. SPEDRA deferred revenue primarily relates to a prepayment of $70 million in licensing fees from Metuchen Pharmaceuticals LLC, or Metuchen, (see Note 12) and a prepayment for future royalties on sales of SPEDRA.

 

12. LICENSE, COMMERCIALIZATION AND SUPPLY AGREEMENTS

 

During 2013, the Company entered into separate license and commercialization agreements and separate commercial supply agreements with each of the Menarini Group, through its subsidiary Berlin Chemie AG, or Menarini, Auxilium Pharmaceuticals, Inc, or Auxilium, and Sanofi and its affiliate, or Sanofi, to commercialize and promote avanafil (STENDRA or SPEDRA) in their respective territories. Menarini’s territory is comprised of over 40 European countries, including the European Union, or EU, plus Australia and New Zealand. Sanofi’s territory is comprised of Africa, the Middle East, Turkey and Eurasia. Auxilium’s territory was comprised of the United States and Canada and their respective territories. In January 2015, Auxilium was acquired by Endo. Auxilium terminated the supply agreement effective June 30, 2016, and the license agreement effective September 30, 2016.

 

On September 30, 2016, the Company entered into a license and commercialization agreement, or the license agreement, and a commercial supply agreement, or the supply agreement, with Metuchen. Under the terms of the license agreement, Metuchen received an exclusive license to develop, commercialize and promote STENDRA in the United States, Canada, South America and India, or the Territory, effective October 1, 2016. The Company and Metuchen have agreed not to develop, commercialize, or in-license any other product that operates as a PDE-5 inhibitor in the Territory for a limited time period, subject to certain exceptions. The license agreement will terminate upon the expiration of the last-to-expire payment obligations under the license agreement; upon expiration of the term of the license agreement, the exclusive license granted under the license agreement shall become fully paid-up, royalty-free, perpetual and irrevocable as to the Company but not certain trademark royalties due to MTPC.

 

Metuchen will obtain STENDRA exclusively from us for a mutually agreed term pursuant to the supply agreement. Metuchen may elect to transfer the control of the supply chain for STENDRA for the Territory to itself or its designee by assigning to Metuchen the Company’s agreements with the contract manufacturer For 2016 and each subsequent calendar year during the term of the supply agreement, if Metuchen fails to purchase an agreed minimum purchase amount of STENDRA from the Company, it will reimburse the Company for the shortfall as it relates to the Company’s out of pocket costs to acquire certain raw materials needed to manufacture STENDRA. Upon the termination of the supply agreement (other than by Metuchen for the Company’s uncured material breach or upon completion of the transfer of the control of the supply chain), Metuchen’s agreed minimum purchase amount of STENDRA from the Company shall accelerate for the entire then current initial term or renewal term, as applicable. The initial term under the Supply Agreement will be for a period of five years, with automatic renewal for successive two year periods unless either party provides a termination notice to the other party at least two years in advance of the expiration of the then current term. On September 30, 2016, the Company received $70 million from Metuchen under the license agreement. This amount was recorded as deferred revenue on the consolidated balance sheet at September 30, 2016 and will be recognized as license revenue as we complete our obligations under the license agreement. Metuchen will also reimburse the Company for payments made to cover royalty and milestone obligations to Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharmaceutical Corporation, or MTPC, during the term of the license agreement.

 

 

13. LONG-TERM DEBT AND COMMITMENTS

 

Convertible Senior Notes Due 2020

 

In May 2013, the Company closed an offering of $220.0 million in 4.5% Convertible Senior Notes due May 2020, or the Convertible Notes. The Convertible Notes are governed by an indenture, dated May 2013 between the Company and Deutsche Bank National Trust Company, as trustee. In May 2013, the Company closed on an additional $30.0 million of Convertible Notes upon exercise of an option by the initial purchasers of the Convertible Notes at a conversion rate of approximately $14.86 per share. Total net proceeds from the Convertible Notes were approximately $241.8 million. The Convertible Notes are convertible at the option of the holders under certain conditions at any time prior to the close of business on the business day immediately preceding November 1, 2019. On or after November 1, 2019, holders may convert all or any portion of their Convertible Notes at any time at their

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option at the conversion rate then in effect, regardless of these conditions. Subject to certain limitations, the Company will settle conversions of the Convertible Notes by paying or delivering, as the case may be, cash, shares of its common stock or a combination of cash and shares of our common stock, at the Company’s election. Interest payments are made quarterly.

 

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, total interest expense related to the Convertible Notes was $7.5 million and $22.1 million, respectively, including amortization of $4.4 million and $13.0 million, respectively, of the debt discount and amortization of $235,000 and $689,000, respectively, of deferred financing costs. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, total interest expense related to the Convertible Notes was $6.9 million and $20.2 million, respectively, including amortization of $4.0 million and $11.9. million, respectively, of the debt discount and amortization of $215,000 and $630,000, respectively, of deferred financing costs.

 

Senior Secured Notes Due 2018

 

In March 2013, the Company entered into the Purchase and Sale Agreement between the Company and BioPharma Secured Investments III Holdings Cayman LP, or Biopharma, a Cayman Islands exempted limited partnership, providing for the purchase of a debt like instrument, or the Senior Secured Notes. Under the agreement, the Company received $50 million, less $500,000 in funding and facility payments, at the initial closing in April 2013. The scheduled quarterly payments on the Senior Secured Notes are subject to the net sales of (i) Qsymia and (ii) any other obesity agent developed or marketed by us or our affiliates or licensees. The scheduled quarterly payments, other than the payment(s) scheduled to be made in the second quarter of 2018, are capped at the lower of the scheduled payment amounts or 25% of the net sales of (i) and (ii) above. Accordingly, if 25% of the net sales is less than the scheduled quarterly payment, then 25% of the net sales is due for that quarter, with the exception of the payment(s) scheduled to be made in the second quarter of 2018, when any unpaid scheduled quarterly payments plus any accrued and unpaid make whole premiums must be paid. Any quarterly payment less than the scheduled quarterly payment amount will be subject to a make whole premium equal to the applicable scheduled quarterly payment of the preceding quarter less the actual payment made to BioPharma for the preceding quarter multiplied by 1.03. The Company may elect to pay full scheduled quarterly payments if it chooses.

 

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, the interest expense related to the Senior Secured Notes was $1.3 million and $3.6 million, respectively, including amortization of deferred financing costs of $46,000 and $189,000, respectively. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, the interest expense related to the Senior Secured Notes was $1.5 million and $4.9 million, respectively, including amortization of deferred financing costs of $94,000 and $306,000, respectively.

 

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Debt is as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

September 30, 

    

 

 

2016

 

 

    

 

 

 

Principal amount of Convertible Senior Notes due 2020

 

$

250,000

 

Principal amount of Senior Secured Notes due 2018

 

 

34,643

 

 

 

 

284,643

 

Less: Debt issuance costs

 

 

(2,501)

 

Less: Discount on convertible senior notes

 

 

(43,251)

 

 

 

 

238,891

 

Less: Current portion

 

 

(9,015)

 

Long-term debt, net of current portion

 

$

229,876

 

 

 

 

 

 

Future estimated payments on the Senior Secured Notes as of September 30, 2016 are as follows:

 

 

 

 

2016 (remaining three months)

 

8,875

 

2017

 

 

23,750

 

2018

 

 

38,376

 

Total

 

 

71,001

 

Less: Interest portion

 

 

(36,358)

 

Senior Secured Notes

 

$

34,643

 

 

As a condition of the FDA granting approval to commercialize Qsymia in the U.S., the Company agreed to complete certain post-marketing requirements. One requirement was to perform a cardiovascular outcomes trial, or CVOT, on Qsymia. The cost of a CVOT is estimated to be between $180 million and $220 million incurred over a period of approximately five years. The Company is working with the FDA to determine a pathway to provide the FDA with information to support the safety of Qsymia in a more cost effective manner. To date, the Company has not incurred expenses related to the CVOT.

 

 

 

 

14. NET INCOME (LOSS) PER SHARE

 

The Company computes basic net income (loss) per share applicable to common stockholders based on the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the applicable period. Diluted net income per share is based on the weighted average number of common and common equivalent shares, which represent shares that may be issued in the future upon the exercise of outstanding stock options or upon a net share settlement of the Company’s Convertible Notes. Common share equivalents are excluded from the computation in periods in which they have an anti-dilutive effect. Stock options for which the price exceeds the average market price over the period have an anti-dilutive effect on net income per share and, accordingly, are excluded from the calculation. The triggering conversion conditions that allow holders of the Convertible Notes to convert have not been met. If such conditions are met and the note holders opt to convert, the Company may choose to pay in cash, common stock, or a combination thereof; however, if this occurs, the Company has the intent and ability to net share settle this debt security; thus the Company uses the treasury stock method for earnings per share purposes. Due to the effect of the capped call instrument purchased in relation to the Convertible Notes, there would be no net shares issued until the market value of the Company’s stock exceeds $20 per share, and thus no impact on diluted net income per share. Further, when there is a net loss, potentially dilutive common equivalent shares are not included in the calculation of net loss per share since their inclusion would be anti-dilutive.

 

As the Company recognized a net loss for each of the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, all potential common equivalent shares were excluded for these periods as they were anti-dilutive. Awards and options which were not included in the computation of diluted net loss per share because the effect would be anti-dilutive for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 were 10,261,000 and 10,520,000, respectively, and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 were 6,958,000 and 7,582,000, respectively.

 

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15. INCOME TAXES

 

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, the Company recorded a benefit of $9,000 and a provision for taxes of $14,000, respectively. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, the Company recorded a provision for taxes of $1,000 and $13,000, respectively. The benefit and provision for income taxes for each of the periods ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 was primarily comprised of state taxes during the period.

 

The Company periodically evaluates the realizability of its net deferred tax assets based on all available evidence, both positive and negative. The realization of net deferred tax assets is dependent on the Company's ability to generate sufficient future taxable income during periods prior to the expiration of tax attributes to fully utilize these assets. The Company weighed both positive and negative evidence and determined that there is a continued need for a full valuation allowance on its deferred tax assets in the United States as of September 30, 2016. Should the Company determine that it would be able to realize its remaining deferred tax assets in the foreseeable future, an adjustment to its remaining deferred tax assets would cause a material increase to income in the period such determination is made.

 

As of September 30, 2016, the Company’s only unrecognized tax benefit is related to California research and development activities in the amount of $66,000.  We do not expect to have any other significant changes to unrecognized tax benefits through the end of the fiscal year. Because of our history of tax losses, certain tax years remain open to tax audit. The Company’s policy is to recognize interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions (if any) as a component of the income tax provision.

 

16. LEGAL MATTERS

 

Shareholder Lawsuit

On March 27, 2014, Mary Jane and Thomas Jasin, who purport to be purchasers of VIVUS common stock, filed an Amended Complaint in Santa Clara County Superior Court alleging securities fraud against the Company and three of its former officers and directors.  In that complaint, captioned Jasin v. VIVUS, Inc., Case No.  114-cv-261427, plaintiffs asserted claims under California’s securities and consumer protection securities statutes.    Plaintiffs alleged generally that defendants misrepresented the prospects for the Company’s success, including with respect to the launch of Qsymia, while purportedly selling VIVUS stock for personal profit. Plaintiffs alleged losses of “at least” $2.8 million, and sought damages and other relief.  On June 5, 2014, the Company and the other defendants filed a demurrer to the Amended Complaint seeking its dismissal.  With the demurrer pending, on July 18, 2014, the same plaintiffs filed a complaint in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California, captioned Jasin v. VIVUS, Inc., Case No. 5:14-cv-03263.  The Jasins’ federal complaint alleges violations of Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, based on facts substantially similar to those alleged in their state court action.  On September 15, 2014, pursuant to an agreement between the parties, plaintiffs moved to voluntarily dismiss, with prejudice, the state court action.  In the federal action, defendants filed a motion to dismiss on November 12, 2014. On December 3, 2014, plaintiffs filed a First Amended Complaint in the federal action. On January 21, 2015, defendants filed a motion to dismiss the First Amended Complaint. The court ruled on that motion on June 18, 2015, dismissing the seven California claims with prejudice and dismissing the two federal claims with leave to amend. Plaintiffs filed a Second Amended Complaint on August 17, 2015. Defendants moved to dismiss that complaint on October 2, 2015. On September 10, 2015, plaintiffs moved for entry of judgment on their state claims. Briefing on both defendants’ motion to dismiss and plaintiffs’ motion for entry of judgment was completed on December 15, 2015. On April 19, 2016, the court issued a ruling granting defendants’ motion to dismiss without leave to amend and denying as moot plaintiffs’ motion for entry of judgment.  On May 18, 2016, the plaintiffs filed a notice of appeal, and on September 23, 2016, plaintiffs filed their opening appellate brief. Defendants’ response is due on November 23, 2016. The Company maintains directors’ and officers’ liability insurance that it believes affords coverage for much of the anticipated cost of the remaining Jasin action, subject to the use of the Company’s financial resources to pay for its self-insured retention and the policies’ terms and conditions.

The Company and the defendant former officers and directors cannot predict the outcome of the lawsuit, but they believe the lawsuit is without merit and intend to continue vigorously defending against the claims.

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Qsymia ANDA Litigation

On May 7, 2014, the Company received a Paragraph IV certification notice from Actavis Laboratories FL indicating that it filed an abbreviated new drug application, or ANDA, with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, or FDA, requesting approval to market a generic version of Qsymia and contending that the patents listed for Qsymia in the FDA Orange Book at the time the notice was received (U.S. Patents 7,056,890, 7,553,818, 7,659,256, 7,674,776, 8,580,298, and 8,580,299 (collectively “patents-in-suit”)) are invalid, unenforceable and/or will not be infringed by the manufacture, use, sale or offer for sale of a generic form of Qsymia as described in their ANDA. On June 12, 2014, the Company filed a lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey against Actavis Laboratories FL, Inc., Actavis, Inc., and Actavis PLC, collectively referred to as Actavis. The lawsuit (Case No. 14-3786 (SRC)(CLW)) was filed on the basis that Actavis’ submission of their ANDA to obtain approval to manufacture, use, sell or offer for sale generic versions of Qsymia prior to the expiration of the patents-in-suit constitutes infringement of one or more claims of those patents.

In accordance with the Hatch-Waxman Act, as a result of having filed a timely lawsuit against Actavis, FDA approval of Actavis’ ANDA will be stayed until the earlier of (i) up to 30 months from the Company’s May 7, 2014 receipt of Actavis’ Paragraph IV certification notice (i.e. November 7, 2016) or (ii) a District Court decision finding that the identified patents are invalid, unenforceable or not infringed. 

On January 21, 2015, the Company received a second Paragraph IV certification notice from Actavis contending that two additional patents listed in the Orange Book for Qsymia (U.S. Patents 8,895,057 and 8,895,058) are invalid, unenforceable and/or will not be infringed by the manufacture, use, sale, or offer for sale of a generic form of Qsymia. On March 4, 2015, the Company filed a second lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey against Actavis (Case No. 15-1636 (SRC)(CLW)) in response to the second Paragraph IV certification notice on the basis that Actavis’ submission of their ANDA constitutes infringement of one or more claims of the patents-in-suit.

On July 7, 2015, the Company received a third Paragraph IV certification notice from Actavis contending that two additional patents listed in the Orange Book for Qsymia  (U.S. Patents 9,011,905 and 9,011,906) are invalid, unenforceable and/or will not be infringed by the manufacture, use, sale, or offer for sale of a generic form of Qsymia.  On August 17, 2015, the Company filed a third lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey against Actavis (Case No. 15-6256 (SRC)(CLW)) in response to the third Paragraph IV certification notice on the basis that Actavis’ submission of their ANDA constitutes infringement of one or more claims of the patents-in-suit.  The three lawsuits against Actavis have been consolidated into a single suit (Case No. 14-3786 (SRC)(CLW)).  On July 20, 2016, the U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey issued a claim construction (Markman) ruling governing the suit.  The Court adopted the Company’s proposed constructions for all but one of the disputed claim terms and adopted a compromise construction that was acceptable to the Company for the final claim term.  Expert discovery is ongoing and no trial date has been scheduled.

On March 5, 2015, the Company received a Paragraph IV certification notice from Teva Pharmaceuticals USA, Inc. indicating that it filed an ANDA with the FDA, requesting approval to market a generic version of Qsymia and contending that eight patents listed for Qsymia in the Orange Book at the time of the notice (U.S. Patents 7,056,890, 7,553,818, 7,659,256, 7,674,776, 8,580,298, 8,580,299, 8,895,057 and 8,895,058) (collectively “patents-in-suit”) are invalid, unenforceable and/or will not be infringed by the manufacture, use or sale of a generic form of Qsymia as described in their ANDA. On April 15, 2015, the Company filed a lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey against Teva Pharmaceutical USA, Inc. and Teva Pharmaceutical Industries, Ltd., collectively referred to as Teva. The lawsuit (Case No. 15-2693 (SRC)(CLW)) was filed on the basis that Teva’s submission of their ANDA to obtain approval to manufacture, use, sell, or offer for sale generic versions of Qsymia prior to the expiration of the patents-in-suit constitutes infringement of one or more claims of those patents.

In accordance with the Hatch-Waxman Act, as a result of having filed a timely lawsuit against Teva, FDA approval of Teva’s ANDA will be stayed until the earlier of (i) up to 30 months from our March 5, 2015 receipt of Teva’s Paragraph IV certification notice (i.e. September 5, 2017) or (ii) a District Court decision finding that the identified patents are invalid, unenforceable or not infringed.

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On August 5, 2015, the Company received a second Paragraph IV certification notice from Teva contending that two additional patents listed in the Orange Book for Qsymia (U.S. Patents 9,011,905 and 9,011,906) are invalid, unenforceable and/or will not be infringed by the manufacture, use, sale, or offer for sale of a generic form of Qsymia. On September 18, 2015, the Company filed a second lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey against Teva (Case No. 15-6957(SRC)(CLW)) in response to the second Paragraph IV certification notice on the basis that Teva’s submission of their ANDA constitutes infringement of one or more claims of the patents-in-suit.  The two lawsuits against Teva have been consolidated into a single suit (Case No. 15-2693 (SRC)(CLW)). 

On July 20, 2016, the U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey issued a claim construction (Markman) ruling governing the suit.  The Court adopted the Company’s proposed constructions for all but one of the disputed claim terms and adopted a compromise construction that was acceptable to the Company for the final claim term.  On September 27, 2016, Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories, S.A. and Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories, Inc., collectively referred to as DRL, were substituted for Teva as defendants in the lawsuit as a result of Teva’s transfer to DRL of ownership and all rights in the ANDA that is the subject of the lawsuit. Fact discovery is ongoing and no trial date has been scheduled.

STENDRA ANDA Litigation

On June 20, 2016, the Company received a Paragraph IV certification notice from Hetero USA, Inc. indicating that it filed an ANDA with the FDA, requesting approval to market a generic version of STENDRA and contending that patents listed for STENDRA in the Orange Book at the time of the notice (U.S. Patents 6,656,935, and 7,501,409) (collectively “patents-in-suit”) are invalid, unenforceable and/or will not be infringed by the manufacture, use or sale of a generic form of STENDRA as described in their ANDA. On July 27, 2016, the Company filed a lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey against Hetero USA, Inc. and Hetero Labs Limited, collectively referred to as Hetero. The lawsuit (Case No. 16-4560 (KSH)(CLW)) was filed on the basis that Hetero’s submission of their ANDA to obtain approval to manufacture, use, sell, or offer for sale generic versions of STENDRA prior to the expiration of the patents-in-suit constitutes infringement of one or more claims of those patents.

In accordance with the Hatch-Waxman Act, as a result of having filed a timely lawsuit against Hetero, FDA approval of Hetero’s ANDA will be stayed until the earlier of (i) up to 30 months from the expiration of STENDRA’s New Chemical Entity, or NCE, exclusivity period (i.e. October 27, 2019) or (ii) a District Court decision finding that the identified patents are invalid, unenforceable or not infringed.

The Company intends to vigorously enforce its intellectual property rights relating to Qsymia and STENDRA, but the Company cannot predict the outcome of these matters.

The Company is not aware of any other asserted or unasserted claims against it where it believes that an unfavorable resolution would have an adverse material impact on the operations or financial position of the Company.

 

17. SEGMENT INFORMATION

 

The Company operates in one reportable segment—the development and commercialization of novel therapeutic products. The Company has identified its Chief Executive Officer as the Chief Operating Decision Maker, or CODM, who manages the Company’s operations on a consolidated basis for purposes of allocating resources. When evaluating financial performance, the CODM reviews individual customer and product information, while other financial information is reviewed on a consolidated basis. Therefore, results of operations are reported on a consolidated basis for purposes of segment reporting, consistent with internal management reporting. Disclosures about revenues by product and by geographic area are presented below.

 

Geographic Information

 

Outside the United States, or ROW, the Company sells avanafil (STENDRA/SPEDRA) through a commercialization licensee principally in the EU. The geographic classification of product sales was based on the

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location of the customer. The geographic classification of supply, license and milestone revenue was based on the domicile of the entity from which the revenue was earned.

 

Net product revenue by geographic region was as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended September 30, 

 

 

 

2016

 

2015

 

 

 

U.S.

 

     ROW     

 

Total

 

U.S.

 

     ROW     

 

Total

 

Qsymia—Net product revenue

    

$

12,294

    

$

 —

    

$

12,294

    

$

14,011

    

$

 —

    

$

14,011

 

STENDRA/SPEDRA—License and milestone revenue

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

STENDRA/SPEDRA—Supply revenue

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

5,020

 

 

5,036

 

 

10,056

 

STENDRA/SPEDRA —Royalty revenue

 

 

425

 

 

634

 

 

1,059

 

 

307

 

 

562

 

 

869

 

Total revenue

 

$

12,719

 

$

634

(1)  

$

13,353

 

$

19,338

 

$

5,598

(2)  

$

24,936

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nine Months Ended September 30, 

 

 

 

2016

 

2015

 

 

 

U.S.

 

ROW

 

Total

 

U.S.

 

ROW

 

Total

 

Qsymia—Net product revenue

    

$

37,455

 

$

 —

 

$

37,455

 

$

40,652

 

$

 —

 

$

40,652

 

STENDRA/SPEDRA—License and milestone revenue

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

11,574

 

 

11,574

 

STENDRA/SPEDRA—Supply revenue

 

 

 —

 

 

1,526

 

 

1,526

 

 

16,602

 

 

10,049

 

 

26,651

 

STENDRA/SPEDRA —Royalty revenue

 

 

1,649

 

 

1,823

 

 

3,472

 

 

(348)

 

 

1,558

 

 

1,210

 

Total revenue